Structure of Vietnam Education

The Vietnam education structure encompasses school education and higher education.

Detailed Structure of Vietnam Education

Period of compulsory education

Entry age: 6

Exit age: 11

Pre-primary Education

  • Ages: 3-6
Pre-primary education is imparted by:
  • Pre-school Playgroups: For 3-4 years old
  • Kindergarten: For 4-6 years old

Primary Education

  • School offering this form of education: Primary School
  • Duration: 5 years
  • Ages: 6 to 11
  • Grades: 1-5
  • Credential awarded: Certificate of Primary Education

Lower Secondary Education

  • School offering this form of education: Basic Secondary School
  • Duration: 4 years
  • Ages: 11 to 15
  • Grades: 6-9
  • Credential awarded: Certificate of Lower Secondary

Upper Secondary Education

  • School offering this form of education: Specialized Secondary School
  • Duration: 3 years
  • Ages: 15 to 18
  • Grades: 10-12
  • Credential awarded:  Secondary School Graduation Certificate (Bang Tot Nghiep Pho Thong Trung Hoc)

Technical and Vocational Secondary Education

Students take admittance upon completion of either lower secondary or upper secondary education. 
  • School type offering this type of education: Vocational Technical Secondary School
  • Duration: 3- 4 years
  • Ages: 15 to 18

Tertiary Education

Vietnam has higher education institutions where one can obtain bachelor’s degree, masters or a doctorate degree. In Vietnam, bachelor’s degree requires 4-6 years, a master’s degree requires 2 years, and a PhD/doctorate degree requires 3-5 years.
  • Ages: 18 and above (Varies) 
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